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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-88-156-1984, Georgia Gulf Corporation, Tiptonville, Tennessee.
Calvert GM; Mathias CG
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 88-156-1984, 1989 Aug; :1-24
In response to a request from the Georgia Gulf Corporation (SIC- 3079), Tiptonville, Tennessee, an investigation was made of an outbreak of dermatitis at this facility. The facility produced polyvinyl-chloride (9002862) compound by blending polyvinyl-chloride resin with other ingredients. Rashes were reported by 22 production workers and three clerical or management workers. Examination of seven of the workers indicated that all of them appeared to have contact dermatitis. Rashes were found in areas of the body where powders may come in contact with the body, and the rashes improved when away from work. Blender operators had a significantly elevated risk of developing dermatitis compared with production workers who had lower exposures to dusts and powders. The authors conclude that the dermatitis was probably of occupational origin, due to exposure to airborne pigment powders and acrylic polymers containing residual monomers. The authors recommend measures to reduce exposures and prevent dermatitis, including showering at the end of a work shift that involved exposure to dusts and powders, reduction of airborne dust levels through engineering controls, and the use of protective clothing, barrier creams, and skin moisturizers.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-88-156-1984; Region-4; Contact-dermatitis; Occupational-exposure; Hazard-Confirmed; Skin-exposure; Skin-protection; Plastics-industry; Author Keywords: Miscellaneous Plastic Products; polyvinyl chloride compounding; acrylic polymers and monomers; dermatitis; calcium carbonate; titanium dioxide; carbon black; pigment powders
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
GA; TN; OH
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division