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Jobs and Family Stress and Women's Work Performance.
Mansfield PK; Vicary JR
Department of Health Education, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 1989 Apr:201 pages
Data were gathered concerning coping behaviors as indicated by accident rates, illness, or drug and alcohol abuse in an effort to determine more completely the roles played by home and work factors in working women's job performance. A process model was proposed which suggested that work and home environments were related to stress and therefore to certain repertoires of behaviors in a manner which reflected individual differences. These relationships were tested by measuring workplace stress and satisfaction factors, home stress and satisfaction factors, personal factors, and dysfunctional coping behaviors. A cohort of 589 working women was recruited and 36 women from a subsample were interviewed to validate the accuracy of self reports and the reliability of the instruments used. The study participants were union members in traditional and nontraditional jobs including clerical workers, transit workers and tradeswomen. Discriminant analyses were used to identify subgroupings of subjects according to their work and home environments and particular coping repertoires. The results indicated that 83 percent of the sample considered themselves in good or excellent health. Role strain and family stress were the predictors most frequently related to health dependent variables. Women in different family configurations experienced significantly different levels of family satisfaction but not of family stress. Work environment was often as important as home environment in determining the levels of home and family satisfaction and stress experienced by employed women.
NIOSH-Grant; Psychological-disorders; Psychological-stress; Attitude; Job-stress; Mental-health; Mental-stress; Sex-factors; Sociological-factors
Nursing Pennsylvania State University 303-304 Human Development East University Park, PA 16802
Final Grant Report
NTIS Accession No.
Department of Health Education, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania State University Park, University Park, Pennsylvania
Page last reviewed: September 4, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division