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The relationship between women's work and family roles and subjective well-being and psychological distress.

Barnett RC; Marshall NL
Center for Research on Women, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Massachusetts 1989 Jan; :1-57
The relationship between the experience of women in their work and family roles and their mental health was examined. Specifically, the aspects of women's work which were related to the levels of psychological distress and subjective well being were identified. Also examined were the relationships between these aspects of work and the mental health of the women as affected by whether or not the woman had a family role such as parent or nonparent, partnered or single. Lastly the effect of the quality of life the woman experienced in her family role on the relationship between work characteristics and mental health was considered. The study cohort included 403 women, aged 25 to 55 years, employed at least half time as either social workers or licensed practical nurses. The findings indicated that work rewards and work concerns, and the interaction of these two factors, must be included in models relating the paid employee role to the mental health status. Secondly, it was suggested by the data that there may be a gender difference in those aspects of the paid employee role which are identified as rewarding or as concern filled. Lastly, there appeared to be significantly different patterns of relationships for two dimensions of mental health (subjective well being and psychological distress) when estimating the effects on women's mental health derived from their various roles in life as employee, partner, and parent.
NIOSH-Grant; Psychological-disorders; Job-stress; Sex-factors; Behavior; Attitude; Mental-stress; Psychological-stress
None Wllesley College Center for Research on Women Wellesley, Mass 02181
Publication Date
Document Type
Final Grant Report
Funding Amount
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Fiscal Year
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NIOSH Division
Priority Area
Psychologic Disorders; Psychological-disorders; Special Populations; Work Environment and Workforce
Source Name
Center for Research on Women, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Massachusetts
Performing Organization
Wellesley College, Wellesley, Massachusetts
Page last reviewed: September 4, 2020
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