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Work and home predictors of job satisfaction and stress for women in traditional and nontraditional work settings.
Mansfield PK; Vicary JR; Henderson J; Cohn M; Koch PB; Young EW
Department of Health Education, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania; :1-37
This study examined the work and home characteristics of working women in clerical and blue collar jobs, compared their levels of job satisfaction and job stress, and inquired into what elements of the work and home lives of these workers predicted their satisfaction and stress at work. Mail surveys were received from 405 clerical and 184 blue collar (transit and construction) workers. The findings indicate that various factors in women's lives influence their satisfaction and stress at work. One important finding was the influence of home factors in predicting how these women feel about their work. For both clerical and blue collar workers, family factors added significantly to the prediction of job satisfaction and job stress scores, beyond the effects of personal factors and work conditions. Satisfaction with conditions at home predicted job satisfaction, while stress at home predicted stress at work, suggesting the operation of a significant spillover effect. The Home Satisfaction and Home Stress Indexes used allowed measurements to be made of the quality of home life in 16 domains including relationships with partner and/or children, child care, finances, housework and role balance. The most salient home characteristics included levels of autonomous decision making, household activity, physical exhaustion, and whether the respondent had concerns about substance abuse by a child or a spouse/partner.
NIOSH-Grant; Psychological-disorders; Job-stress; Mental-stress; Psychological-factors; Sex-factors
Nursing Pennsylvania State University 303-304 Human Development East University Park, PA 16802
Final Grant Report
NTIS Accession No.
Department of Health Education, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania State University Park, University Park, Pennsylvania
Page last reviewed: September 4, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division