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Collection of silica and asbestos aerosols by respirators at steady and cyclic flow.
Brosseau LM; Ellenbecker MJ
Department of Environmental Science and Physiology, School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts :1-33
Experiments were described which evaluated the predictive ability of tests using a silica (7631869) aerosol under conditions of steady flow for determining respiratory efficiency. Measurements taken of silica penetration at steady flow were reasonably predictive of silica penetration under cyclic flow. Mass penetration of silica under continuous flow conditions was typically less than 0.1 percent. In general, the penetration of silica under conditions of cyclic flow was about one and a half times as great as that measured under steady flow conditions. However, the same was not true for testing with asbestos (1332214) fibers under steady versus cyclic flow. Furthermore, the potential for exhalation valve failure under cyclic flow was also identified. The authors indicate that these results call for a reevaluation of the current NIOSH protocols for evaluating respirator performance. The authors urge the development of a NIOSH testing method for evaluating the life cycle performance of respirator components such as exhalation valves.
NIOSH-Grant; Respirators; Personal-protective-equipment; Silica-dusts; Asbestos-dust; Filter-materials; Electrostatic-filters; Asbestos-fibers; Mineral-dusts; Air-flow; Aerosols
Environmental Sci & Physiology Harvard School of Public Hlth 665 Huntington Avenue Boston, MA 02115
Final Grant Report
NTIS Accession No.
Department of Environmental Science and Physiology, School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts
Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts
Page last reviewed: September 4, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division