This statement concerned the research and technical assistance programs offered by NIOSH in the area of miner health and safety. While under the Federal Metal and Nonmetallic Mine Safety Act NIOSH has no legislated responsibility, this and the earlier similar organizations have conducted considerable research in this field under the Public Health Services Act. Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 NIOSH has developed recommended standards for health hazards facing workers in metal mines including noise, asbestos (1332214), silica (7631869), beryllium (7440417), inorganic arsenic (7440382), inorganic mercury (7439976), carbon-monoxide (630080), oxides of nitrogen and phenol (108952). About 2.1 million of the 48.8 million dollar 1977 budget for NIOSH was allocated to coal mine health research and another 2.1 million for related services to coal miners and mine operators. Recognized health hazards of mining include coal workers' pneumoconiosis, silicosis, other forms of respiratory impairment, hearing loss due to excessive noise exposure, lung cancer, and accidents. Technical assistance offered by NIOSH included investigation of problems resulting from exposure to heat stress, creosote (8021394), asbestos, and resins used in roofbolting. Health research also considered respirable dust suppression techniques, radiation exposures, and the presence of noxious gases from mining equipment. Efforts were underway in several areas for cooperative research among several governmental agencies to ensure better working conditions for the miner in the future.