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NIOSH Testimony on Cotton by J. A. Merchant, May 16, 1979.
NIOSH 1979 May:10 pages
This testimony summarized information available on respiratory disease arising from exposure to cotton dust which will appear in a comprehensive study NIOSH has undertaken together with the Department of Labor at the request of Congress. The NIOSH portion of the study involved a detailed description of methods of epidemiological and environmental investigation of occupational respiratory disease, assessment of impairment and disability and a series of chapters on specific categories of occupationally induced respiratory disease. In this testimony specific information was imparted regarding byssinosis. Topics included: byssinosis; the number of exposed workers; etiological agents; Monday morning chest tightness; chronic effects; epidemiology; disability; and cigarette smoking as a risk factor. Elements important to standards for compensation for disability from cotton dust exposure were suggested, including a definition of cotton dust exposure, the use of the term chronic airways obstruction, objective assessment of impairment, development of schedules for partial disability, evaluation of social and economic factors related to disability, providing funding from the industry where exposure occurred and a tax on cigarettes, linking the industry contribution to cases of disease produced and environmental dust control, and the development of a comprehensive rather than a categorical legislative approach.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Testimony; Merchant-J-A; Textiles-industry; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Plant-dusts; Airborne-dusts; Dust-inhalation; Epidemiology; Cigarette-smoking; Cotton-dust; Occupational-respiratory-disease;
NTIS Accession No.
Infectious Diseases; Disease and Injury; Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; Pulmonary-system-disorders;
NIOSH, 10 pages, 10 references
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division