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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-87-092-1967, Iowa Industrial Hydraulics, Pocahontas, Iowa.

Authors
Gupta-S; Laubli-T; Sinks-T
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 87-092-1967, 1989 May; :1-13
NIOSHTIC No.
00190654
Abstract
In response to a request from the International Association of Machinists, Local 2548, a study was made of possible hazardous working conditions at Iowa Industrial Hydraulics (SIC-3549), Pocahontas, Iowa. About 140 production workers were employed in manufacturing hydraulic pumps. The major exposures investigated were to nine different types of cutting fluids with their biocides, the solvent based floor cleaner Marvella, mineral spirits, two hand cleaners, oils used for the lubrication of machines, and metal chippings. Most machines were supplied with coolant from a central system. There was no mechanism in place to clean the coolant and no regular monitoring was conducted for coolant concentration, pH, or bacterial or fungal counts. Workers had experienced an outbreak of dermatitis in September 1986 at which time the coolant in most machines had become dense, brown, and had a foul odor. Sampling revealed the coolant to be ten times more concentrated than it should have been and contaminated with lubricating oils. Medical histories, patch tests, and questionnaires were used to obtain data from the workers. The author conclude that workers exposed to Lubrisyn-plus with its biocide Ducide-20, or Trim-sol, or to Marvella had a significantly higher risk of developing dermatitis. The authors recommend specific measures for fluid maintenance, employee education, hazard communication, and personal protection.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-87-092-1967; Region-7; Hazard-Confirmed; Machinists; Machine-operators; Skin-exposure; Contact-dermatitis;
Publication Date
19890501
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
1989
NTIS Accession No.
PB90-129107
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
HETA-87-092-1967
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
3549
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
IA; OH
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