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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-87-370-1973, Native Textiles, Glenn Falls, New York.

Reh CM
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 87-370-1973, 1989 Jul; :1-18
In response to a request from a representative of the Communications Workers of America, Local 1139, a study was made of possible hazardous working conditions at Native Textiles (SIC-2241), Glenn Falls, New York. The company manufactured lace, tricot, and specialty fabrics and employed about 400 people. Possible exposure to a melamine/formaldehyde resin existed when the lace was passed through this mixture to provide durability and body. Following accelerated polymerization, the lace was divided into individual strands by a thread drawing machine. During the processing by this machine a fine dust containing the polymerized resin was generated. This dust covered the arms and clothing of the workers. Ten of 17 air samples tested for formaldehyde (50000) were above 0.1 part per million (ppm) levels and the total and respirable dust levels were between 0.1 and 0.2mg/m3. In the finishing area low levels of 1,1,1- trichloroethane (71556) and traces of toluene (108883), xylene (1330207), and various alkyl substituted benzenes were measured. Workers suffered irritation of the upper respiratory tract, skin and eyes. The author concludes that a hazard existed from exposure to dust from thread drawing and spooling of resin coated lace; formaldehyde levels above 0.1ppm may have increase the irritative effects of dust exposures. The author recommends improvement in the ventilation system, use of a resin system which contains less formaldehyde, use of respirators for workers operating the thread drawing and spooling machines, issuance of protective clothing, and the option of reassignment for particularly sensitive employees.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-87-370-1973; Region-2; Hazard-Confirmed; Skin-irritants; Lung-irritants; Airborne-dusts; Textiles-industry; Author Keywords: Narrow Fabrics and Other Smallwares Mills: Cotton, Wool, Silk, and Man-Made Fiber; Lace; Formaldehyde; Nuisance Dust; Irritative Effects
50-00-0; 71-55-6; 108-88-3; 1330-20-7
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Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division