In response to elevated blood lead levels found in Jamaican lead acid battery workers, a survey of occupational exposure to lead (7439921) in this industry was carried out. At the three battery manufacturing sites and ten battery repair shops participating in the study, work practices, engineering controls, and respirator use were observed, and air samples were taken to determine lead concentrations. Questionnaires were administered to employees, and venous blood was taken for determinations of blood lead and zinc- protoporphyrin. Air lead levels were found to be higher at the manufacturing sites than at the repair shops, where few process controls were found to exist. Respirator use was infrequent in both workplaces. Overall, blood lead levels of manufacturing employees were elevated. Elevations occurred in a similar pattern between the two employee groups, although factory workers showed a stronger positive association between poor workplace practices and elevated blood lead. Toxic effects were found in those with higher lead levels, but these were not statistically different from those in the lower level groups. The authors recommend the implementation of United States guidelines for occupational lead exposure in Jamaica and other developing countries, adapted to limitations in local resources.
We take your privacy seriously. You can review and change the way we collect information below.
These cookies allow us to count visits and traffic sources so we can measure and improve the performance of our site. They help us to know which pages are the most and least popular and see how visitors move around the site. All information these cookies collect is aggregated and therefore anonymous. If you do not allow these cookies we will not know when you have visited our site, and will not be able to monitor its performance.
Cookies used to make website functionality more relevant to you. These cookies perform functions like remembering presentation options or choices and, in some cases, delivery of web content that based on self-identified area of interests.
Cookies used to track the effectiveness of CDC public health campaigns through clickthrough data.
Cookies used to enable you to share pages and content that you find interesting on CDC.gov through third party social networking and other websites. These cookies may also be used for advertising purposes by these third parties.