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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-87-109-1950, North Riverside Fire Department, North Riverside, Illinois.

Authors
Zey-JN; Richardson-F
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 87-109-1950, 1989 Mar; :1-20
NIOSHTIC No.
00188720
Abstract
In response to a request from the International Association of Fire Fighters, an assessment was made of the toxicity of smoke clouds produced by a zinc-chloride (7646857) (ZnCl2) smoke generating device used in training exercises at the Fire Training Facility of the North Riverside Fire Department (SIC-9224), North Riverside, Illinois. Analysis indicated that the smoke contained hydrochloric- acid (7647010), zinc compounds and several chlorinated hydrocarbons. Evaluations were made during two separate training exercises. Hydrochloric-acid concentrations ranged from trace amounts to 44mg/m3, exceeding the OSHA recommended ceiling level criteria of 7mg/m3. Zinc-chloride concentrations ranged from 63 to 172mg/m3; the limit was 2mg/m3. Perchloroethylene (127184) concentrations ranged up to 62mg/m3. The amount of smoke generated for the exercise significantly surpassed that recommended by the manufacturer. Five and six participants in the two exercises experienced symptoms including breathing difficulty, joint pain, fever and chills, and general fatigue. These individuals were not wearing a respirator or had removed it as part of the drill. The authors conclude that the dense clouds generated by the smoke generating devices should be considered hazardous to individuals without respiratory protection. The authors recommend the use of a self contained breathing apparatus during training exercises
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-87-109-1950; Region-5; Hazard-Confirmed; Firemen; Smoke-inhalation; Acid-mists; Zinc-compounds;
CAS No.
7646-85-7; 7647-01-0; 127-18-4
Publication Date
19890301
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
1989
NTIS Accession No.
PB89-230247
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
HETA-87-109-1950
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
9224
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
IL; OH
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