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Fatal occupational injuries in California, 1972-1983.
Goldberg RL; Bernstein L; Garabrant DH; Peters JM
Am J Ind Med 1989; 15(2):177-185
The observed decline in 'standard-related' fatal occupational injury rates in California between 1972 and 1983 was examined after adjustment for age and industry to determine if the decline was real or an artifact of demographic shifts in the workforce towards lower risk age groups and industries. A review of worker's compensation data revealed 2,483 fatal injuries among males during the years in question. Crude rates declined by an average of 7 percent annually. Age and industry adjustment reduced the decline to 6.7 percent annually, a still significant trend. Age specific death rates followed a bimodal pattern in most industries, with the highest rates observed at the extremes of age. In the construction industry, however, risk increased with age without a significant peak in younger workers, and in the mining industry, there appeared to be decreasing risk with age. The authors conclude that the observed decline in fatal injury rates in California is not artifactual and requires further study to explain.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Grants-other; Analytical-methods; Occupational-health; Mortality-rates; Risk-analysis; Occupational-hazards; Risk-factors; Worker-health; Author Keywords: fatalities; accidents; occupational; trends; age
Inst of Safety & Systems Mgmt University of California University Park Los Angeles, Calif 90089-0021
Issue of Publication
Other Occupational Concerns; Grants-other
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division