Prevention Strategies Adopted by Select Countries for Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders from Repetitive Trauma.
Trends in Ergonomics/Human Factors V, Proceedings of the Annual International Industrial Ergonomics and Safety Conference, June 8-10, 1988, New Orleans, Louisiana 1988:601-611
Preventive strategies adopted by various countries for work related musculoskeletal system disorders were discussed. The terminology and background of musculoskeletal system disorders were summarized. Changes in work patterns and the workforce and their relation with musculoskeletal system disorders were considered. The mechanization and automation of work have shifted biomechanical stresses from the back to the upper limbs. This shift, combined with increasing pace and repetitiveness due to assembly lines and automated pacing, has led to a sharp increase in the incidence of cumulative trauma disorders. The availability of national incidence data for cumulative trauma disorders was considered. Strategies for preventing cumulative trauma disorders practiced in Sweden, Australia, Great Britain, and the United States were reviewed. Sweden and Australia have enacted legislation that provides recommendations for good ergonomic work practices. The Health and Safety Act in Great Britain provides for a broad range of legal obligations which are supported by codes of practice, standards, and guidance material. Although repetitive strain injuries to the upper limbs are not included in Great Britain's current reporting system, musculoskeletal problems are recognized as a significant occupational health problem by the Medical Division of the Health and Safety Executive. In the United States there are no special ordinances or Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards for cumulative trauma disorders. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health has issued a strategy document that focuses on developing a plan for preventing work related cumulative trauma disorders. The plan provides for better surveillance and diagnostic information for identifying cumulative trauma disorders, developing predictive models, expanding the role of the public and private sectors to implement ergonomic interventions, and disseminating user oriented guides to labor, management, and the OSHA field staff.
Occupational-health; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Regulations; Cumulative-trauma; Health-protection; Biomechanics; Occupational-health-programs;
Low Back Disorders; Disease and Injury; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders;
Trends in Ergonomics/Human Factors V, Proceedings of the Annual International Industrial Ergonomics and Safety Conference, June 8-10, 1988, New Orleans, Louisiana