Mortality and Industrial Hygiene Study of Workers Employed in the Leather Tanning and Finishing Industry.
NIOSH 1982 Apr:342-361
This paper included a brief literature review concerning the health status among employees in the leather working industry, a discussion of the hazards found in this industry, and an update of a study being conducted on this topic. Several past studies pointed to an excess of bladder cancer cases among workers in this field. Activities in the tanning industry included the splitting of the salted hides as well as trimming and grading them; soaking the hides; removal of excess fat and muscle; dehairing of the hides; treating the hides with a chromium (7440473) compound to remove natural oils and replace them with a preservative; splitting of the tanned hides to uniform thickness; coloring the hides with coal-tar dyes; toggling the hides onto metal frames and processing them through a drying oven; buffing and conditioning the hides; and applying a final finish which may include pigments or solvents. The retrospective cohort study being undertaken involved two leather facilities in the same general midwestern area. The worker population totalled about 9,500 men employed between 1940 and 1977.
NIOSH-Author; Solvents; Animal-products; Dyeing-industry; Dyes; Aniline-dyes; Azo-dyes; Carcinogens; Dust-inhalation; Mortality-rates; Risk-analysis; Epidemiology; Cancer-rates;
Proceedings of the Second NCI/EPA/NIOSH Collaborative Workshop: Progress on Joint Environmental and Occupational Cancer Studies, September 9-11, 1981, Rockville, Maryland