A study of air pollution from fireplace emissions at vail ski resort.
Romero-AE; Buchan-RM; Fox-DG
J Environ Health 1978 Sep; 41(2):117-119
The level and severity of fireplace air pollution was studied in Vail, Colorado along with fireplace emissions, the local meteorology, pollutant concentrations and their effects in order to determine the necessity of controlling woodburning in fireplaces in that city. A fireplace inventory of the Gore Valley was conducted. In this valley, four airsheds corresponded to topographical air drainage patterns. Average wood consumption per day was calculated and an emission factor established by the Environmental Protection Agency was applied to determine daily fireplace emissions in the Gore Valley. The final step was to mathematically predict ambient particulate concentrations utilizing fireplace emissions data, area and topography, wind speed and meteorological mixing depths. Average and worst case mixing depths and wind speeds were calculated from data from the U.S. Forest Service weather station. A comparison was made of predicted and observed values of particulate concentrations for the monthly averages indicating a weak correlation based on the linear relationship between the two sets of data. Predicted concentrations indicated control strategies should be instituted on the basis of adverse aesthetic effects and therefore adverse economic effects in a community devoted to tourism. Based on the results of a sample questionnaire, the population of Vail would be agreeable to improvements in fireplace design for more efficient burning and reduction in the amount of wood burned by educating the public to current and potential problems of air pollution.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Air-quality; Air-contamination; Combustion-products; Emission-sources; Climatic-factors
Microbiology Colorado State University Department of Microbiology Fort Collins, Colo 80523
Journal of Environmental Health
Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado