HHE Report No. MHETA-87-110-1943, Columbia Farms Poultry Plant, Columbia, South Carolina.
NIOSH 1989 Jan:26 pages
In response to a request from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, a study was made of possible hazardous working conditions at the Columbia Farms (SIC-2016) poultry processing center, West Columbia, South Carolina. Over 100,000 chickens were processed per day at the facility. The facility was located adjacent to the West Columbia water treatment site and was first on the water line to receive water from the site. In April of 1986 a change was made in the form of water treatment from chloration to chloramination for cost effectiveness, more stable water treatment, and lower trihalomethane levels in finished water. Workers in the inspection area experienced eye, nose and throat irritation which was traced to uncombined ammonia (7664417) and chloramines in the water at the processing facility. Concentrations of these chemicals in the water were quite variable. The author concludes that the symptoms in the workers may have resulted from high levels of ammonia and chloramines on some days. The author recommends that the water treatment facility change from post ammoniation to pre ammoniation, or that the food processing facility should explore the possibility of another source of water or treatment of the incoming water to remove the chloramines.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; MHETA-87-110-1943; Region-4; Hazard-Confirmed; Irritants; Respiratory-irritants; Eye-irritants; Food-processing-industry; Poultry-industry; Poultry-workers;
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance;
NTIS Accession No.
Mining Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance Program, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Morgantown, West Virginia, MHETA-87-110-1943, 26 pages, 15 references