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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-88-128-1947, Snaptite, Inc., Union City, Pennsylvania.
Newman MA; Klincewicz SL
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 88-128-1947, 1989 Jan; :1-12
In response to a request, an evaluation was made of possible clustering of cancer cases among employees at Snaptite, Inc. (SIC- 3451), Union City, Pennsylvania. The firm manufactured metal screw connectors. Straight cutting oils and synthetic cutting oils and coolants were used at the facility. Drilling, milling, debutting, and induction hardening operations were performed in the secondary department. Air samples were collected to assess employee exposure to Stoddard-solvent (8052413). None of the samples indicated Stoddard-solvent exposure above the NIOSH recommended exposure level of 350mg/m3 as a 10 hour time weighted average. The highest sample recorded was 36.5mg/m3. A visual inspection did not indicate a general haze throughout the facility from the cutting oils and coolants, suggesting a lack of problem from oil mists or vapors. Three probable cases of basal cell carcinoma of the skin were detected. One individual had either a basal cell carcinoma or actinic keratosis. Three of the four had worked in the secondary department for at least a short time. Two of the workers had been employed for less than 5 years at this site. Most of the skin lumps were common entities such as lipomas and sebaceous cysts. One skin lesion clinically resembled a keratoacanthoma on an individual with a prior history of skin cancer. The authors conclude that a health hazard did not exist at the time of the survey. The authors recommend specific measure to further reduce exposures to solvent, oil mist and coolants.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-88-128-1947; Region-3; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Skin-exposure; Cancer-rates; Lubricants; Organic-solvents; Cutting-oils; Author Keywords: screw machine products; skin cancer; Stoddard solvent; oil mist; coolants
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division