Morbidity of Workers in Three Socially-Owned Agricultural Estates in Vojvodina.
Proceedings of the VII International Congress of Rural Medicine, September 17-21, Salt Lake City, Utah, International Association of Agricultural Medicine 1978 Sep:238-242
A study of morbidity in workers on collective farms was conducted. The study group consisted of 198 male truck, tractor, or combine drivers; 111 male cattle breeders; and 162 male workers who maintained tractors, combines, and other farm equipment on three collective farms in Vojvodina, Yugoslavia. The subjects were given medical examinations and completed a respiratory symptom questionnaire. General data and occupational histories were obtained from all subjects. Microclimatic variables, air pollutant concentrations, and noise exposures were measured. The largest number of subjects, 181, were in the 35 to 44 year age group. Endocrine and metabolic diseases and nutritional disorders was the most frequently found disease category, followed by respiratory system disorders, diseases of the circulatory system, and diseases of the nervous system and sense organs, in that order. The ten most common diseases ranked in decreasing order of prevalence were: obesity; iron deficiency anemia; varicose veins of the lower legs; essential hypertension; chronic bronchitis; lumbar pain; refractive errors of the eye; periodontal disease; distortion of the nasal septum; and impaired hearing. Tractor drivers and other farm equipment operators were exposed to 2 to 8 degrees-C temperatures in the winter and 25 to 30 degrees-C temperatures in the summer. They were exposed to exhaust gases, organic and inorganic dusts having concentrations of 10 to 120mg/m3, noise levels of 94 to 114 A- weighted decibels (dBA), and vibrations. Cattle breeders were exposed to unsuitable microclimates and 5 to 16 parts per million (ppm) ammonia (7664417). The ammonia concentrations were below the Yugoslavian standard, 50ppm. The maintenance workers were exposed to inorganic and organic dusts, 85 to 110dBA noise, and unfavorable microclimates. The author concludes that the diseases seen most frequently in collective farm workers are related to inadequate working conditions and a diet consisting mostly of fats and carbohydrates.
NIOSH-Grant; Grants-other; Agricultural-workers; Health-survey; Epidemiology; Occupational-hazards; Environmental-factors; Disease-incidence; Noise-exposure; Agricultural-machinery; Climatic-conditions;
Prev Med & Environmental Hlth University of Iowa Inst/agric Med & Environ Hlth Iowa Oakdale, Iowa 52319
Other Occupational Concerns; Grants-other;
Proceedings of the VII International Congress of Rural Medicine, September 17-21, Salt Lake City, Utah, International Association of Agricultural Medicine
University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa