Occupational Pathology in Agricultural Activities: An Essay with a Statistical Approach.
Dubrisay-J; Gaide-B; Fages-J
Proceedings of the VII International Congress of Rural Medicine, September 17-21, Salt Lake City, Utah, International Association of Agricultural Medicine 1978 Sep:200-221
Occupational accidents and illnesses among French agricultural workers were discussed. The characteristics of French agricultural workers were summarized. Agricultural workers accounted for 10 percent of the French workforce in 1975 and included approximately 750,000 wage earners and 2,200,000 nonwage owners such as family members and pensioners. Accident statistics were reviewed. Data collected from the Agricultural Social and Mutual Benefit Society have shown that for wage earning agricultural workers in 1975 the risk of injury was 1 out of 7. The mortality rate was one death per every 300 injuries. For nonwage earning workers the average risk of injury was 1 out 15. Injuries to the hands and feet were the most common, followed by injuries to the head and trunk. Half of the head injuries occurred to the eyes and 40 percent of the trunk injuries involved the back. Seventy percent of the injuries resulted in lost work time. Sixty five percent of the injuries involved fractures or soft tissue traumas. Falls, shocks, and farm vehicles and equipment were the major causes of agricultural accidents. Occupational diseases in French agricultural workers were reviewed. The frequency of indemnified occupational diseases from 1974 to 1976 was very low, 0.4 percent in wage earners and 0.6 percent in nonwage earning agricultural workers. Infections and parasitic diseases were the most frequently reported occupational illnesses. Indemnifying and preventing occupational illness and accidents in agricultural workers were discussed. It was noted that paying benefits to injured and ill farm workers represents a heavy financial burden, 535 million francs in 1974 and 648 million francs in 1975. The authors conclude that efforts to inform farmers, wage earners, and other workers of the risks associated with agricultural work should be intensified.
NIOSH-Grant; Grants-other; Agricultural-workers; Occupational-health; Accident-statistics; Mortality-rates; Accident-analysis; Disease-incidence; Epidemiology;
Prev Med & Environmental Hlth University of Iowa Inst/agric Med & Environ Hlth Iowa Oakdale, Iowa 52319
Other Occupational Concerns; Grants-other;
Proceedings of the VII International Congress of Rural Medicine, September 17-21, Salt Lake City, Utah, International Association of Agricultural Medicine
University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa