Causes, frequency and characteristics of work injuries in agricultural workers in Vojvodina.
Proceedings of the VII International Congress of Rural Medicine, September 17-21, Salt Lake City, Utah. International Association of Agricultural Medicine, 1978 Sep; :151-158
A study of work related injuries occurring in Yugoslavian farm workers was conducted. Data obtained from notifications of occupational accidents experienced by farm workers in Vojvodina, Yugoslavia in 1976 and 1977 filed with the Institute of Occupational Health of the Medical Faculty in Novi Sad were analyzed. A total of 3859 agricultural workers were injured in work related accidents in 1976 and 3470 were injured in 1977. This represented incidence rates of 5.77 and 5.90 percent, respectively. The injury rates were comparable to those experienced in other industries in Vojvodina. Males were injured more frequently than females, the male/female ratio being 18:1 in 1976 and 16:1 in 1977. Fatal accidents were most frequently associated with work on tractors or grain combines, ten cases in 1976 and six cases in 1977. The largest number of injuries in both years occurred in 40 to 44 year old workers. The most frequent cause of accidents was unsafe work practices, followed by other causes, fatigue, violations of regulations covering safe operation, unsafe roads, and defective loading and unloading facilities, in that order. The largest number of accidents was due to striking against or colliding with objects. The upper extremities were the most frequently injured body part, followed by the lower extremities, head, trunk, and multiple sites in that order. Most injuries occurred on Saturdays. The authors conclude that the frequency and severity of agricultural injuries in Vojvodina approach those of other industries. The high frequency of injuries is due primarily to rapid mechanization of agriculture and the lack of skilled and experienced workers. Preventing injuries in agricultural workers is very complex and will require concerted efforts on the part of the workers, occupational safety services in the working organizations, management, medical services, and other organizations.
NIOSH-Grant; Grants-other; Agricultural-workers; Accident-statistics; Accident-analysis; Sex-factors; Work-practices; Occupational-health; Agricultural-machinery
Prev Med & Environmental Hlth University of Iowa Inst/agric Med & Environ Hlth Iowa Oakdale, Iowa 52319
Proceedings of the VII International Congress of Rural Medicine, September 17-21, Salt Lake City, Utah, International Association of Agricultural Medicine
University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa