NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-86-053-1933, Gray Printing Company, Fostoria, Ohio.

Crandall-MS; Boiano-JM; Fidler-AT; Cantor-F
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 86-053-1933, 1988 Oct; :1-30
In response to a request from the Graphics and Communications International Union at the Gray Printing Company (SIC-2752), located in Fostoria, Ohio, a study was made of potential employee exposures to solvents used in the offset printing process at that site. The company produced 30 monthly magazines plus various commercial catalogs and brochures. The employment at the site was 185 persons. Equipment used in the production of printed material included photographic typesetting, and sheet fed and roll fed offset lithographic printing processes. Over two workdays the sheet fed press operator's isopropanol (67630) exposures ranged from 247 to 501mg/m3 with personal breathing zone naphtha (8030306) concentrations of 0.03 to 8.9mg/m3. The web fed press operator's naphtha exposures ranged from 0.03 to 7.7 mg/m3. These workers were also exposed to low concentrations of isopropanol. The highest short term isopropanol exposure was 726mg/m3. Short term exposures to blanket and roller cleaning solvent were low, less than 10mg/m3. A higher than expected reporting of symptoms related to central nervous system depression, difficulty in concentrating, dizziness, cough, chest pain, and dry skin were noted among workers. The authors conclude that there was an increased prevalence of neurotoxic, respiratory, and skin problems among workers using organic solvents. Due to the prevalence of these symptoms, the authors recommend measures for reducing employee exposure to solvents. These recommendations center around the use of gloves, respiratory protection equipment, and good work habits.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Region-5; HETA-86-053-1933; Hazard-Confirmed; Neuropathology; Nervous-system-disorders; Organic-solvents; Skin-absorption; Skin-exposure; Solvent-vapors; Inhalants; Printing-industry; Author Keywords: comnmercial printing; lithographic; solvents; naphthas; alcohols; neurotoxic symptoms
67-63-0; 8030-30-6
Publication Date
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
NIOSH Division
SIC Code
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division