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The Federal Coal Mine Health Program in 1972. Annual Report of Health Activities under the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969.
NIOSH 1973; :1-51
This annual report described the activities of NIOSH in 1972 in meeting its responsibilities under the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969. Efforts were made to complete the verification of the interpretations of the first round of medical examinations of coal workers as required in the Act. A preliminary study was initiated to assess the prevalence of coal workers pneumoconiosis (CWP) in surface coal mine workers and a total of 1,323 men at six mines was examined. The major emphasis of research in 1972 was directed to the NIOSH Appalachian Laboratory for Occupational Respiratory Diseases located in Morgantown, West Virginia. The program includes clinical and physiological investigations of cardiopulmonary function, pathological examinations of diseased lungs, investigations of the role of infectious disease in the development and progression of CWP, biochemical investigations to detect the earliest effects of CWP at the cellular level, and epidemiological studies to identify the various factors concerned in the production of disease and to quantify their effects. Research was also carried on at the Cincinnati, Ohio laboratories, dealing primarily with the fields of toxicology, physical and analytical chemistry, ergonomics, noise, and control and protection of hazards in the mining industry. The last area of study was to develop dust sampling equipment with the goal of obtaining a better means of evaluating coal workers' exposure to respirable dust and to provide realistic and reliable methods of sampling the coal mine environment for compliance with established standards.
Dust-inhalation; Dust-control; Mine-workers; Underground-miners; Coal-miners; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Respiratory-protective-equipment; Respirators; Personal-protective-equipment
NTIS Accession No.
NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Cincinnati, Ohio
OH; VA; WV
Page last reviewed: May 5, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division