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In-depth industrial hygiene report of the American Enka Company, Lowland, Tennessee.
NIOSH 1982 Apr; :1-78
As part of a larger study to determine the hazards of occupational exposure for at least one working year to a documented carbon-disulfide (75150) level approximating the 20 parts per million (ppm) limit set by OSHA, an evaluation was made of exposures at the American Enka Company (SIC-2823), a nylon polyester filament and rayon staple facility, located in Lowland, Tennessee. A total of 262 personal samples was taken at the site for a determination of the time weighted average (TWA) exposure. The mean TWA concentration for the samples was 4.8ppm. The job categories with the highest mean exposure were the staple spinner with a mean of 12.6ppm and the washer operator with 11.0ppm. Samples were also taken for caprolactam (105602), methanol (67561), dimethylterephthalate (120616), ethylene-glycol (107211), and Dowtherm (95501). The only chemicals detectable were caprolactam at 3.93ppm and ethylene-glycol with a mean of 2.59ppm. The only area of concern was the handling of the waste rayon staple in the older section of the facility. While no particular measurements were taken in this area, a brief walk through of this section suggested that better work practices and engineering controls could be incorporated into this department.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Survey; Field-Study; IWS-75-14-20; Region-5; Textiles-industry; Textile-workers; Solvents; Toxic-gases
75-15-0; 105-60-2; 67-56-1; 120-61-6; 107-21-1; 95-50-1
Field Studies; Industry Wide
NTIS Accession No.
Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies, NIOSH, Centers for Disease Control, Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, Report No. IWS-75-14-20, 78 pages, 29 references
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division