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In-depth industrial hygiene report of the American Enka Company, Lowland, Tennessee.

Authors
Fajen JM
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, IWS 75-14-20, 1982 Apr; :1-78
NIOSHTIC No.
00185195
Abstract
As part of a larger study to determine the hazards of occupational exposure for at least one working year to a documented carbon-disulfide (75150) level approximating the 20 parts per million (ppm) limit set by OSHA, an evaluation was made of exposures at the American Enka Company (SIC-2823), a nylon polyester filament and rayon staple facility, located in Lowland, Tennessee. A total of 262 personal samples was taken at the site for a determination of the time weighted average (TWA) exposure. The mean TWA concentration for the samples was 4.8ppm. The job categories with the highest mean exposure were the staple spinner with a mean of 12.6ppm and the washer operator with 11.0ppm. Samples were also taken for caprolactam (105602), methanol (67561), dimethylterephthalate (120616), ethylene-glycol (107211), and Dowtherm (95501). The only chemicals detectable were caprolactam at 3.93ppm and ethylene-glycol with a mean of 2.59ppm. The only area of concern was the handling of the waste rayon staple in the older section of the facility. While no particular measurements were taken in this area, a brief walk through of this section suggested that better work practices and engineering controls could be incorporated into this department.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Survey; Field-Study; Region-5; Textiles-industry; Textile-workers; Solvents; Toxic-gases
CAS No.
75-15-0; 105-60-2; 67-56-1; 120-61-6; 107-21-1; 95-50-1
Publication Date
19820401
Document Type
Field Studies; Industry Wide
Fiscal Year
1982
NTIS Accession No.
PB83-221689
NTIS Price
A06
Identifying No.
IWS-75-14-20
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
2823
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
TN; OH
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division