Variables in Occupational Stress.
NIOSH 1978 Jun:104-113
Variables affecting occupational stress were reviewed, based on workers who participated in Menninger Seminars for Industrial Mental Health over a period of 20 years. The framework for a successful stress investigation included three components for data collection: a general health survey, a personal history survey, and an organizational survey. Stress syndromes identified using this framework were most often related to the individual's position within an organization and the specific functions associated with that position, as well as qualitative differences in stress tolerance due to age, sex, education, personality, and sociocultural background. The major types of stress symptoms related to specific organizational work tasks and positions included varying degrees of emotional stress without physical symptoms, stress related cardiovascular conditions, gastrointestinal disorders, respiratory allergy, and medication use or abuse. The identification of which stress symptoms were directly work related as opposed to being due to organizational pressures and dynamics, or personal characteristics and environmental conflicts was discussed.
Risk-analysis; Clinical-diagnosis; Psychological-factors; Behavior-patterns; Worker-motivation; Occupational-psychology; Personality-traits; Worker-health;
Occupational Safety and Health Symposia, 1977, Division of Technical Services, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Cincinnati, Ohio, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 78-169