Job stress and work performance: introduction.
Occupational safety and health symposia 1977. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 78-169, 1978 Jun; :100-103
The effects of job stress on work performance were reviewed as an introduction to the symposium section focusing on work related stress. The term job stress, as defined from a medical and physiological perspective as a response state induced by a stimulus or stressor, was compared to the psychological interpretation. The difference between the two perspectives was determination of when the experience of stress was viewed as an undesirable, distressful event. The medical definition defined harmful stress as that which unbalanced homeostasis whereas the psychological definition assumed all stress to be undesirable and to result in disruption of physiological and psychological processes. Discussion included the individualistic interpretations of researchers regarding the characteristics of life events as stressors, methods of measuring the relationship between stressors in the environment and psychological stress in individuals, and indications of a relation between environmental stress and physical illness.
Worker-health; Mental-health; Psychological-fatigue; Behavior-patterns; Job-stress; Psychological-stress; Physiological-stress; Occupational-sociology; Psychological-factors; Occupational-psychology
Occupational safety and health symposia 1977