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Recognition and control of psychosocial job stress.

Smith MJ
Prof Saf 1981 Aug; 26(8):20-26
Recognizing and controlling psychosocial job stress was discussed. The characteristics of stress were summarized. Stress can be regarded as being the body's reaction to loss of equilibrium which has both psychological and physiological ramifications. It has been implicated as a direct cause or contributing factor to a variety of diseases and psychosocial disturbances. Job factors that can produce stress were discussed. Job satisfaction has been found to be one of the most important factors involved in perceived stress and ill health. Factors involved in job satisfaction were reviewed. These include physical working conditions, work organization, workload, working hours, work role, job task, lack of career development, and extraorganizational factors such as family involvement, marital problems, mobility, and spillover into off the job activities. Diagnosing individuals with stress related problems was discussed. While diagnosing stress related problems is best done by professionals experienced in dealing with stress, there are signs of stress that laymen can recognize such as changes in mood or behavior patterns. Dealing with stress was discussed. Two major approaches for dealing with stress exist, eliminating the stressors at the source and treating stress when it occurs on an individual basis. Changing administrative or bureaucratic features is considered a good way of eliminating occupational stress at its source. Treating stress on an individual basis may involve utilizing drugs, emotional release, biofeedback, exercise, and social support.
NIOSH-Author; Industrial-safety; Occupational-health; Job-stress; Psychophysiology; Medical-treatment; Workplace-studies; Occupational-psychology; Psychological-fatigue;
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Journal Article
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Professional Safety
Page last reviewed: February 18, 2022
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division