Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 78-167, 1978 Jun; :1-223
NIOSH recommends in this document that worker exposure to nitroglycerin (55630) (NG) and ethylene-glycol-dinitrate (628966) (EGDN) or to mixtures of these two compounds shall not exceed sampling period. Specific recommendations were listed for medical surveillance of workers, labeling and posting of hazards, requirements for personal protective equipment and clothing, respirator selection criteria, training of workers in the safe handling of these materials, suggested work practices, ignition sources and detonation hazards, entry requirements for confined spaces, storage and handling rules, cleanup and waste disposal methods, emergency procedures, sanitation, monitoring, and record keeping. Occupations with potential exposure to NG and EGDN include chemical and explosives workers, drug makers, dynamite makers, miners, missile technicians, munitions loaders, munitions workers, nitroglycerin workers, rocket fuel makers, shell fillers, and smokeless powder makers. Documented effects of workplace exposures include headache, blood pressure changes, rash, chest pain, changes in electroencephalogram readings, pulse rate changes, palpitations, nausea, altered sensation in extremities, alcohol intolerance, dizziness, and fainting.