Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 77-101, 1976 Sep; :1-96
This guide was intended to aid in providing a safe and healthful workplace atmosphere by describing safe practices and helping to correct some of the more frequently encountered violations of the health and safety standards in the tanning industry. The section dealing with health and safety guidelines suggested that hazards be identified at the work site. Some hazards may become obvious through a review of the past injury and illness records. Employees should then be property trained to work safely in their environment. Various hazardous substances, once identified, must be controlled. Control methods included the substitution of less toxic materials, changing a process, isolating a process, providing proper ventilation, instituting administrative controls, improving personal hygiene, and providing personal protective equipment. Specific hazards of power tools were noted. Frequently noted violations of existing regulations included improper walking or working surfaces, lack of standard guardrail and toeboards, failure to mark exits, improper entry to confined spaces, excessive noise exposure, exposures to hazardous chemicals at levels exceeding the established limits, lack of properly worn respiratory equipment, lack of proper sanitation facilities, no first aid or medical aid available, improper storage and handling of materials, no fire extinguishers, lack of machine guarding, improper use of hand and portable powered tools, hazards associated with welding and cutting of metals, and violations of the national electrical code.