A statistical study on clinical cases of pesticide poisoning in rural districts for eight years.
Sugaya T; Wakatsuki T; Matsushima S
Proceedings of the VII International Congress of Rural Medicine, September 17-21, Salt Lake City, Utah. International Association of Agricultural Medicine, 1978 Sep; :302-303
A study of pesticide poisoning occurring in rural areas of Japan was conducted. The records of general hospitals in rural areas were examined by the Japanese Association of Rural Medicine to identify all cases of pesticide poisoning occurring from 1970 through 1977. A total of 1376 cases, 728 males, were identified. By age, the largest number of cases of poisoning involved persons in their 40s, followed by individuals in their 30s and 50s. Most of the cases, 881, occurred during the three month period June through August. The largest number of cases, 879, occurred during spraying operations. Other major causes were: nonspraying farming activities, 234 cases; suicides, 175 cases; and accidental ingestion or misuse, 55 cases. Organophosphate insecticides were the most frequently involved pesticides, 408 cases. A total of of 631 cases involved acute poisoning. A total of 573 cases resulted in dermatitis and 82 cases conjunctivitis and keratosis. Wearing inadequate protective clothing was a contributing factor in 40 percent of the cases. Nonhygienic conditions accounted for 16 percent of the cases, carelessness 12 percent, and poor weather conditions 5 percent of the cases. The authors conclude that about 40 percent of the cases of pesticide poisoning that occurred in rural Japan in recent years has resulted in acute poisoning and dermatitis, and that there is no apparent sign of the number of cases decreasing.
NIOSH-Grant; Grants-other; Insecticide-poisoning; Agricultural-workers; Epidemiology; Organo-phosphorus-pesticides; Work-practices; Accident-statistics; Occupational-accidents
Prev Med & Environmental Hlth University of Iowa Inst/agric Med & Environ Hlth Iowa Oakdale, Iowa 52319
Other Occupational Concerns; Grants-other
Proceedings of the VII International Congress of Rural Medicine, September 17-21, Salt Lake City, Utah
University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa