Walk-through survey report: control technology for adhesives use at Drew Shoe Plant, Lancaster, Ohio.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, ECTB 108-22a, 1983 Jul; :1-5
A walk through survey was conducted at the Drew Shoe Facility, (SIC- 3144), Lancaster, Ohio to evaluate control measures for adhesives used in manufacturing women's leather shoes and sandals. The company employed about 300 people, with 90 percent of them in the production line. Basic operations included die cutting the individual parts, assembling the upper, attaching the bottom and heel, applying a finish and packing the shoes in boxes. Adhesives were used for permanently bonding some parts and for temporarily joining other parts to be stitched together later. A solvent based rubber cement was used for permanent bonding; a latex adhesive for temporary bonding. In warmer weather general ventilation was used heavily for comfort and vapor concentration control. Three large wall fans were installed and a small fan has been installed in another area of the facility. All floors were connected by an open stairway. Two adhesives application processes were performed under canopy hoods. Many operations not involving adhesive applications used local exhaust ventilation. Various coatings and finishes were applied in small spray booths. The author concludes that a control technology study of the use of adhesives in making shoes may promote cost effective methods to reduce solvent vapor concentrations. Such a study would examine alternatives to currently used adhesives in addition to ventilation, automation, and work practices.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Survey; Field-Study; Region-5; Adhesive-bonding; Leather-industry; Solvent-vapors; Ventilation-systems; Shoe-manufacturing; Spraying-booths
Field Studies; Control Technology
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health