Effects of exposure to ethylene glycol ethers on shipyard painters: I. Evaluation of exposure.
Sparer-J; Welch-LS; McManus-K; Cullen-MR
Am J Ind Med 1988; 14(5):497-507
Exposures to airborne 2-methoxyethanol (109864) (2-ME) and 2- ethoxyethanol (110805) (2-EE) among painters employed at a shipyard were evaluated. A group of 36 painters volunteered to wear personal samplers for the course of the study during their shifts at work. Sampling was conducted over a 3 day period. The bulk sampling of seven paints and one thinner showed the presence of 2-EE only in those paints which were identified as containing 2-EE on the safety data sheets. No indication of the presence of 2-ME was found, although it was listed on the data sheets as being present. Highest worker exposures were clustered in some of the most confined spaces and in those areas being most intensively painted. Of the ten men with the highest measurements for 2-EE, 40 percent wore respirators. Absorption of 2-EE and 2-ME was evident by urinalysis. Paints containing ethylene-glycol ethers were used by 75 percent of the interior crew members sampled. Paint was visible on the skin of 60 percent of the painters, indicating skin contact. Skin absorption may be as significant a route of exposures as absorption through the lungs.
NIOSH-Author; Solvents; Solvent-vapors; Organic-solvents; Alcohols; Organic-vapors; Shipyard-workers; Skin-exposure
American Journal of Industrial Medicine