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Community health services as a complementary factor in the process of rural development with social justice.

Sundaram EB
Proceedings of the VII International Congress of Rural Medicine, September 17-21, Salt Lake City, Utah. International Association of Agricultural Medicine, 1978 Sep; :385-394
The socioeconomic and cultural factors involved in organizing a health care system in developing countries were explored, using rural India as an example. The lack of funds for health care was discussed, including the fact that 13 percent of India's budget was used for defense and 7 percent for health care. It was suggested that better health for the population would result in a stronger labor force, and better nutrition would result in children who would be mentally alert and more easily educable. Effective management and organization of a health care system was seen to be essential. Better education so that people could take more active political roles in determining their countries' policies was proposed. Religious organizations' programs could also fit into the total health care scenario. Increasing population growth was seen to be a major problem; birth control, modifying the society's expectations for large families, and reduction of infant mortality were possible solutions. Education was necessary to cross caste lines when doctor and patient were of different social levels and when fellow patients were of different social levels. It was necessary to place health care centers in convenient locations. The author concludes that health care systems do not produce the desired result without socioeconomic development in rural areas.
NIOSH-Grant; Grants-other; Humans; Health-care-facilities; Occupational-health-programs; Behavior; Health-services; Medical-care; Medical-facilities; Medical-services; Sociological-factors
Prev Med & Environmental Hlth University of Iowa Inst/agric Med & Environ Hlth Iowa Oakdale, Iowa 52319
Publication Date
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Funding Amount
Funding Type
Fiscal Year
Identifying No.
Priority Area
Other Occupational Concerns; Grants-other
Source Name
Proceedings of the VII International Congress of Rural Medicine, September 17-21, Salt Lake City, Utah
Performing Organization
University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division