The role of personal beliefs and social influences as determinants of respirator use among construction painters.
White-MC; Baker-EL; Larson-MB; Wolford-R
Scand J Work, Environ & Health 1988 Aug; 14(4):239-245
The relative importance of personal beliefs and social factors as potential determinants of intended respirator use among painters at construction sites was studied. The specific factors assessed included individual beliefs about the benefits and drawbacks of respirator use and the influence of perceived attitudes of employers and colleagues. The study population included a total of 246 regular and apprentice members of two local union affiliates in Fort Worth, Texas and Memphis, Tennessee. Participants agreed to a health examination and completed a self administered questionnaire detailing personal characteristics and their medical and occupational history. The frequency of past and intended future use of cartridge respirators was highest among the younger workers and was lowest among the heavy smokers. Statistically significant negative correlations were established between intended respirator use and beliefs that the respiratory would be uncomfortable, would get in the way, would cause difficulty breathing, and would make the painter feel closed in. A statistically significant negative correlation was also established between respirator use and the belief that others would think that the painter was foolish, and a significant positive correlation was determined between intended respirator use and the belief that the painter would be better able to produce healthy children. The authors conclude that personal beliefs influence a painter's intention to use a respirator and that beliefs concerning discomfort or inconvenience were more important that those concerning the health effects of respirator use.
NIOSH-Author; Personal-protective-equipment; Behavior-patterns; Respiratory-protective-equipment; Psychological-factors; Construction-workers; Paint-spraying; Cigarette-smoking;
Author Keywords: attitudes; behavioral intentions; chemical cartridge respirators; cigarette smoking; respiratory protection programs; spray painting
Dr E Baker, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health