NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
A petroleum solvent mortality study of Oklahoma dry cleaners. Volume II.
Asal-NR; Coleman-RL; Petrone-RL; Owen-W; Walsworth-S
Departments of Biostatistics and Epidemiology and Environmental Health, College of Public Health, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 1988 Jun; :1-157
The association between exposures to the primary petroleum solvents used in commercial dry cleaning processes and various causes of death was investigated. Each commercial dry cleaning establishment in Oklahoma was classified according to the solvent or solvents in use from 1941 to 1983, based on data from the State Dry Cleaners Board. A cohort with known solvent exposures was identified. The proportionate mortality ratios (PMRs) and standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were determined for all major causes of death. The industry in Oklahoma used a disproportionately high percentage of petroleum solvents. Owners and family members represented 29 to 42 percent of the workers. Nearly 59 percent were white males, with an average exposure of 10.5 years. No excess in overall cancer mortality was found. Significant excesses were noted for mental, psychoneurotic and personality disorders due to alcoholism; genitourinary system due to acute nephritis, chronic nephritis and renal sclerosis; bone and organ movement due to arthritis and spondylitis. An excess in cancers of the respiratory system was identified with excesses in mortality due to trachea, bronchus and lung cancer among those dying at age 65 or older. A 45 percent excess in proportionate mortality due to pancreatic cancer was found. Only on analysis of petroleum solvent exposure to white males was an excess found for kidney cancer. Moderately increased incidents of skin and bone cancer were found.
NIOSH-Grant; Cancer; Dry-cleaning-industry; Dry-cleaning-solvents; Solvent-vapors; Cleaning-compounds; Mortality-rates; Mortality-surveys
Biostatistics and Epidemiology University of Oklahoma 801 N E 13Th St/p O Box 26901 Oklahoma City, Okla 73190
Final Grant Report
NTIS Accession No.
Departments of Biostatistics and Epidemiology and Environmental Health, College of Public Health, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
University of Oklahoma Hlth Sciences Ctr, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division