Birthrate in Rural Japan.
Proceedings of the VII International Congress of Rural Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, September 17-21, International Association of Agricultural Medicine 1978 Sep:67-69
The impact of economic changes on the birthrate in rural Japan was analyzed. There has been a decrease in the farm population from 1955 when it was 35,340,000 to 1974 when it reached 23,180,000 with that decrease primarily including children 15 years of age and younger. Until 1960 the higher birth rate on the farms continued, but this phenomenon was reversed in the statistics gathered in 1965. While it used to be true that rural families on the lower income levels had more children, this was no longer the case in rural Japan. In areas where women were employed in nonagricultural industries, where economic affluence was evident, where many high school graduates advanced to college studies, and where young couples were living without their parents, the number of children was increasing. The initial drop in birthrate coincided with a push by the government of Japan toward an accelerated economy. Even though the push has now shifted to a policy of low economic growth, the birth rate has remained low. The author stresses that measures must be taken to curb the excessive decrease in population, particularly in rural areas, so that farm families can secure more income, there is an ample national budget for health and welfare issues, and the agricultural development may continue.
NIOSH-Grant; Grants-other; Demographic-characteristics; Sociology; Sociological-factors; Children; Families; Agricultural-workers;
Prev Med & Environmental Hlth University of Iowa Inst/agric Med & Environ Hlth Iowa Oakdale, Iowa 52319
Other Occupational Concerns; Grants-other;
Proceedings of the VII International Congress of Rural Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, September 17-21, International Association of Agricultural Medicine
University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa