The benefit-to-risk ratio in occupational health.
Occupational safety and health symposia 1977. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 78-169, 1978 Jun; :318-328
A historical survey of the analysis benefit to risk ratio in occupational health was presented, and the role of prospective medicine in occupational health was discussed. In prospective medicine, the risk of disease and injury and the degree to which it can be reduced are estimated The development of the health hazard appraisal (HHA) chart was described, beginning with the Framingham and Newton Studies which identified markers, risk factors and precursors that indicate a higher risk of coronary heart disease. Risk factors for cancer were identified, and the Cancer Control Program was developed. The cervical cancer demonstration program of the Cancer Control Program and the American Academy of General Practice was described. The HHA was designed by the Public Health Service to provide the physician with the pertinent information to determine an individual's need for preventive medicine. A group of 24 precursors of disease or injury were listed. The relationship of prospective medicine to occupational health was discussed. The author concludes that occupational health can play a significant role in improvement of employee health by analysis of risk factors for the individual and suggestions of ways to alter life style to decrease health risks
Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Occupational-health; Occupational-health-programs; Accident-prevention; Disease-prevention; Employee-health
Occupational safety and health symposia 1977