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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-84-459 and HETA-85-110-1905, Budd Company, North Baltimore and Carey, Ohio.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 84-459 and HETA 85-110-1905, 1988 Jun; :1-87
In response to confidential requests, a study was undertaken of possible hazardous working conditions at the Budd Company (SIC-3079) locations in North Baltimore and Carey, Ohio. Concern was expressed over worker exposure to isocyanates, methylene-chloride (75092) (MeCl) and other chemicals. The Budd Company produced molded plastic automobile body parts and skis in compression mold presses from sheet molding compound. Primary sources of worker exposures to MeCl were in the prime wipe operation, and the use of MeCl as a general cleaning solvent at various jobs and locations. MeCl exposures ranged up to 239 parts per million; NIOSH has recommended that levels be maintained at the lowest feasible level. All but one of the time weighted average exposures to styrene (100425) were below the recommended limits. Some association was found between MeCl exposure and neurological symptoms. There were also associations between work involving repetitive motion and hand and arm symptoms; jobs involving potential isocyanate exposure were also associated with irritative and respiratory symptoms. The authors conclude that a potential hazard existed from overexposure to MeCl. The authors recommend that measures be taken to reduce or eliminate MeCl exposures, that isocyanates be monitored continuously and that jobs requiring repetitive motion be evaluated and redesigned.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-84-459-1905; HETA-85-110-1905; Region-5; Hazard-Confirmed; Repetitive-work; Solvent-vapors; Carcinogens; Chlorinated-hydrocarbons; Nervous-system-disorders; Irritants; Author Keywords: miscellaneous plastic products; diisocynate; methylene chloride; styrene; acetone; toluene; xylene; carbon monoxide; carboxyhemoglobin; neurobehavioral tests; liver function; reproductive outcome; respiratory irritation; cumulative trauma disorders; musculoskeletal
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division