NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-86-428-1910, Commonwealth of Kentucky, Department of Transportation, Manchester, Kentucky.

Fidler AT; Laubi T; Ruhe R; Hills B
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 86-428-1910, 1988 Jun; :1-25
In response to a request from the employees in the traffic division, an evaluation was made of possible hazardous working conditions at the Commonwealth of Kentucky Department of Transportation (SIC- 1721), Manchester, Kentucky. Specific attention was addressed to toluene (108883) and lead (7439921) exposures during the painting of lines on roads. Because the paint used must be diluted with toluene before use, a high potential for exposure to lead and toluene exists during the mixing process. Air quality measurements were taken at work sites during October and again during August of 1986 and 1987. Blood and urine tests were also conducted. In October the airborne levels of toluene ranged from 12 to 114mg/m3 and lead levels ranged from nondetectable to 30 micrograms/cubic meter (microg/m3). An increase was noted in urinary output of hippuric-acid but none of the postshift levels were indicative of overexposure to toluene during the working period. In August one worker showed a toluene air sample which exceeded recommended limits, but none of the other samples were excessive for toluene, and the lead readings were all nondetectable. All urine and blood samples showed no overexposures of any kind. The authors conclude that excessive exposures to toluene or lead were not found among road painting operations workers; however, a potential for exposure existed. The authors recommend measures to reduce exposures to toluene and lead, including changing to paint with a higher toluene content, instituting an employee education program, labeling chemicals properly, improving personal hygiene and work practices, and using protective clothing.
NIOSH-Author; HETA-86-428-1910; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Region-4; Organic-solvents; Solvent-vapors; Heavy-metals; Paints; Author Keywords: traffic lane painting; highway maintenance; toluene; lead; neurotoxic symptoms; blood lead; FEP; hippuric acid
108-88-3; 7439-92-1
Publication Date
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
NIOSH Division
SIC Code
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division