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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-82-354-1897, Kemper-Tappan, Richmond, Indiana.

Authors
Wallingford-KM; Elliot-LJ; McAuley-DB
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 82-354-1897, 1988 May; :1-28
NIOSHTIC No.
00181815
Abstract
In response to a request from an authorized representative of employees at Kemper-Tappan (SIC-2434), Richmond, Indiana, an evaluation was made of possible health hazards existing at the site, with particular reference to formaldehyde (50000) and solvent exposures. At this facility wood and wood product cabinets were manufactured for household use. The primary source of formaldehyde was particle board used in the cabinets. Eight hour time weighted average exposures ranged from non detectable to 0.56 parts per million (ppm). Most of the 8 hour time weighted average exposure levels for formaldehyde were above the NIOSH recommended exposure limit. Exposures to organic hydrocarbons resulted from the use of solvents, spray finishes, glues and adhesives, but levels were below the applicable exposure criteria. Total dust exposures ranged from non detectable to 2.8mg/m3 for the bandsaw operator. The authors conclude that a potential health hazard existed from airborne exposures to formaldehyde and to hard wood dust. The authors recommend measures to reduce exposures, including the use of particle board containing modified urea/formaldehyde resin binders, periodic evaluation of spray booth effectiveness, training of spray booth operators, use of gloves for protection against solvent exposure, repair of asbestos (1332214) pipe insulation, and replacement of missing blast gates in the ventilation duct work.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-82-354-1897; Region-5; Hazard-Confirmed; Organic-solvents; Woodworkers; Woodworking-industry; Author Keywords: Wood Cabinet Manufacture; Formaldehyde; Wood Dust; Respiratory Effects; Methyl Ethyl Ketone; Methyl Isobutyl Ketone; Toluene; Xylene; Alcohols
CAS No.
50-00-0; 1332-21-4
Publication Date
19880501
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
1988
NTIS Accession No.
PB89-107445
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
HETA-82-354-1897
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
2434
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
IN; OH
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