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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-82-354-1897, Kemper-Tappan, Richmond, Indiana.
Wallingford-KM; Elliot-LJ; McAuley-DB
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 82-354-1897, 1988 May; :1-28
In response to a request from an authorized representative of employees at Kemper-Tappan (SIC-2434), Richmond, Indiana, an evaluation was made of possible health hazards existing at the site, with particular reference to formaldehyde (50000) and solvent exposures. At this facility wood and wood product cabinets were manufactured for household use. The primary source of formaldehyde was particle board used in the cabinets. Eight hour time weighted average exposures ranged from non detectable to 0.56 parts per million (ppm). Most of the 8 hour time weighted average exposure levels for formaldehyde were above the NIOSH recommended exposure limit. Exposures to organic hydrocarbons resulted from the use of solvents, spray finishes, glues and adhesives, but levels were below the applicable exposure criteria. Total dust exposures ranged from non detectable to 2.8mg/m3 for the bandsaw operator. The authors conclude that a potential health hazard existed from airborne exposures to formaldehyde and to hard wood dust. The authors recommend measures to reduce exposures, including the use of particle board containing modified urea/formaldehyde resin binders, periodic evaluation of spray booth effectiveness, training of spray booth operators, use of gloves for protection against solvent exposure, repair of asbestos (1332214) pipe insulation, and replacement of missing blast gates in the ventilation duct work.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-82-354-1897; Region-5; Hazard-Confirmed; Organic-solvents; Woodworkers; Woodworking-industry; Author Keywords: Wood Cabinet Manufacture; Formaldehyde; Wood Dust; Respiratory Effects; Methyl Ethyl Ketone; Methyl Isobutyl Ketone; Toluene; Xylene; Alcohols
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: May 5, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division