NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-87-181-0000, Graphic Packaging Corporation, Paoli, Pennsylvania.
Crandall MS; Wilcox TG
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 87-181-0000, 1988 Jul; :1-10
In response to a request from the United Paperworkers International Union, an evaluation was made of working conditions at the Graphic Packaging Corporation, Paoli, Pennsylvania. Particular attention was given to workers making microwave popcorn bags who reported swelling around the eyes and dermatitis. One employee also reported an asthma attack while working on the bags. Special water based epoxy adhesives were used for these bags as the product must withstand heating in a microwave oven. Environmental and personal breathing zone air samples were taken and medical questionnaires were filled out. Use of this adhesive was discontinued in May of 1987 and the symptoms have disappeared. Chemical analysis of the adhesive indicated the presence of several chemicals which are potential irritants or allergic sensitizers both to skin and the respiratory track. These irritants included formaldehyde (50000), acetaldehyde (75070), benzoic-acid (65850), 1,1,1-trichloroethane (79005), p-dioxane (123911), and ethyl-acetate (141786). Samples taken before the switch over to another adhesive was made did not indicate a hazardous level of any of these substances to be present.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-87-181-0000; Region-3; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Assembly-line-workers; Contact-allergies; Allergic-reactions; Skin-exposure; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Containers
50-00-0; 75-07-0; 65-85-0; 79-00-5; 123-91-1; 141-78-6
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division