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Final report on the project aerosol deposition in the human respiratory system.
State University of New York, Buffalo, New York, 1987 Jan; :1-14
Attempts were made to develop mathematical models for the deposition of aerosols in the human respiratory system. Expressions were obtained for the mean deposition efficiency for nasal inspiration, nasal expiration and mouth inspiration. A determination was made of statistical properties associated with each deposition efficiency due to intersubject and intrasubject variabilities. Expressions were then derived for head deposition with combined nose and mouth breathing. In the lung, deposition is a result primarily of impaction, sedimentation, and diffusion. While there was no adequate model for impaction, several deposition formulae for sedimentation have been derived as well as ones for diffusion. Studies have also been made of the particle charge effect, as the electrostatic image force on a particle contributes to its deposition. There is, however, a threshold charge per particles below which the particle charge has no effect on deposition. Deposition data on ultrafine particles is scarce due to the difficulties in conducting proper experiments. Studies have also been concerned with the deposition of large particles, the deposition of polydisperse aerosols, the effect of different airway structures, statistical models, and clearance in the tracheobronchial tree.
NIOSH-Grant; Inhalation-studies; Pulmonary-system; Inhalants; Aerosol-particles; Lung-function; Particulates; Mathematical-models
Engineering Science S U N Y - at Buffalo Dept of Engineering Science Buffalo, N Y 14214
Final Grant Report
NTIS Accession No.
State University of New York, Buffalo, New York
State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division