Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 75-109, 1974 Jan; :1-8
This pamphlet provided information on potential health and safety problems associated with welding. Topics included the types of welding, hazards associated with welding, controlling welding hazards, management responsibilities, and worker responsibilities. Some of the more frequently used types of welding were oxygen/acetylene, helium arc, carbon arc, resistance welding, metal electrode arc, and brazing operations. Certain hazards common to almost all welding processes included damage to the eyes and skin from infrared and ultraviolet radiation, burns from contact with hot metal or sparks, adverse physiological effects from breathing metal fumes and gases, accidents from materials handling, and electrical shock. Important air contaminants which may be released included ozone (10028156), carbon-dioxide (124389), carbon-monoxide (630080), the oxides of nitrogen, and various constituents of the rods, rod coatings, and metals. Major control methods included adequate ventilating systems and use of personal protective devices. Management must assume the responsibility of informing welders of the hazards and supervising them at work. Workers should abide by the safety rules of the company.