Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-84-066-1883, Artesian Industries, Mansfield, Ohio.
Crandall-MS; Singal-M; Anastas-MY
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 84-066-1883, 1988 Mar; :1-52
In response to a request from workers at Artesian Industries (SIC- 3621), Mansfield, Ohio, an investigation was made of possible hazardous working conditions. Workers were experiencing lightheadedness, shortness of breath, fainting, lung problems, and skin rashes. For 86 air samples taken, respirable crystalline silica (14808607) personal exposures averaged 0.12mg/m3 (NIOSH Recommended Exposure Limit (REL) for respirable crystalline silica, the slip houses exceeded the NIOSH REL. The 18 samples taken in the casting area indicated that the average exposure limit was finishing area 18 samples showed an average respirable silica concentration of 0.11mg/mg3. Exposure to talc (14807966) averaged 2.7mg/m3 in the casting areas for 38 samples. Symptoms of chronic cough were noted in 20 percent, chronic bronchitis in 5 percent, and shortness of breath in 31 percent of the workers. Of 196 chest x- rays examined, 18 exhibited evidence of asbestos (1332214) or talc exposure; five had symptoms of silicosis. The authors conclude that there is a serious, extensive problem regarding exposures to respirable silica and respirable talc dust. The authors recommend specific improvements in respirator policy, materials handling systems, air cleaning devices, local exhaust systems, housekeeping, medical examinations and record keeping.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Confirmed; HETA-84-066-1883; Region-5; Vitreous-enameling; Dust-inhalation; Respirable-dust; Airborne-dusts; Pneumoconiosis; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Pottery-industry;
Author Keywords: Vitreous China Plumbing Fixtures and China and Earthenware Fittings and Bathroom Accessories; Silica; Talc; Respirable Dust; Vitreous China; Pneumoconiosis
14808-60-7; 14807-96-6; 1332-21-4
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health