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Working with ammonia.
Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 73-11003, 1973 Jul; :1-6
This pamphlet provided information on working with ammonia (7664417). Topics included characteristics of ammonia, uses of ammonia, effects of ammonia on the body, methods for controlling ammonia hazards, emergency measures, management responsibilities in the control of ammonia, and employee responsibilities. Ammonia has been used in many industries in one of two forms: anhydrous (a pure liquified gas) and aqua ammonia (a solution of the gas in water). The chemical was an eye, nose and throat irritant and in sufficient quantities could cause suffocation through convulsive coughing. Ammonia was also a caustic agent for the skin and eye. In high enough concentrations in the atmosphere, ammonia gas would burn. Such a possibility was usually lessened by good housekeeping methods at warehouses and other storage sites. Good ventilation systems and adequate emergency equipment readily available were the customary means of lessening the threat caused by ammonia present in the workplace. Workers should be trained in the proper use and limitations of their protective equipment and their own responsibilities in the event of an emergency. Any strong odor of ammonia should be reported immediately.
Eye-irritants; Respiratory-irritants; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Inhalants; Vapors; Chemical-industry-workers; Chemical-manufacturing-industry; Agricultural-chemicals
DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 73-11003
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: May 5, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division