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HHE determination report no. HHE-74-107-279, General Electric Company, Silicone Products Department, Waterford, New York.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 74-107-279, 1976 Jul; :1-12
An investigation of hazardous exposures was conducted at the General Electric Company, Silicone Products Department, Waterford, New York, in response to a request from the international union, IUE-AFL-CIO. Primary products were caulking and roofing compounds. Possible exposures included benzene (71432), chlorobenzene (108907), dichlorobenzene (25321226), and vinyl-chloride (75014). Samples were analyzed for these chemicals along with total airborne particulate and lead (7439921) concentrations. A retrospective mortality study was made for the 12 year period starting in 1963. There was no evidence of exposure to potentially toxic levels of benzene or chlorobenzene when equipment was operating properly. However, at a time when equipment was malfunctioning, additive effects of benzene and chlorobenzene exceeded the permissible level determined by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists additive effect method. No excessive exposures to vinyl- chloride or lead were detected. Mortality data for 39 current and exworkers showed no evidence of health hazards. The authors conclude that there is a potential for hazardous exposure during equipment malfunction. They recommend employee education in proper use of respiratory protective equipment, establishment of a proper decontamination method for air quality control, establishment of a maintenance program for machinery and ventilation systems, and use of local exhaust at the point of contaminant generation in the molding compound area.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; HHE-74-107-279; Region-2; Hazard-Confirmed; Respiratory-irritants; Carcinogens; Mortality-rates; Lead-compounds; Personal-protective-equipment; Air-sampling; Author Keywords: benzene; chlorobenzene; silicone products; caulking; roofing compounds; vinyl chloride; vinyl chlorosilane
71-43-2; 108-90-7; 25321-22-6; 75-01-4; 7439-92-1
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division