Fall accident patterns. Characterization of most frequent work surface-related injuries.
Prof Saf 1982 Jun; 27(6):16-22
Accident profiles for work surface related injuries were described. The injury data included tabulated data from the New York State worker's compensation agency and data from the First Reports of Injury. The data were assessed for the frequency of work surface related accidents and identification of the basic characteristics of work surface related accidents. Accidents involving inappropriate coefficients of friction were emphasized. New York industries showing a high risk of fall accidents included: general building contractors; painters and decorators; electricians; masons; carpenters; roofers; sheet metal workers; office and service workers; retail stores; hospitals; and food and clothing manufacturers. Approximately 50 percent of the accidents reported were characterized as slips. Sixteen percent of the slips occurred on wet surfaces, and the most frequent surface involved was a level floor. Approximately 66 percent of the accidents occurred indoors. The most frequent foot motions involved were walking and stepping to or from a surface. Factors affecting the accidents included poor housekeeping in 22 percent of the cases, poor lighting in 21 percent of the cases, and haste in 27 percent. A total of 50 site observations were made. The parameters discussed included: footwear; work surface characteristics; tasks; housekeeping; environmental conditions; and coefficient of friction. The results were discussed according to low and high coefficient of friction, and controls for preventing slips and stumbles were presented.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Contract; Contract-210-76-0150; Worker-health; Workplace-studies; Occupational-hazards; Safety-monitoring; Safety-practices; Safety-engineering; Epidemiology; Floors; Occupational-accidents; Accident-prevention;