Cause-specific mortality among male textile workers in Rhode Island.
Am J Ind Med 1988 Apr; 13(4):439-454
The proportionate mortality method was used to study cause specific mortality patterns in male textile workers in Rhode Island; these workers died during the period 1968 to 1978. Death certificate information on usual occupation and usual industry was used to identify textile workers. Proportionate mortality ratios were calculated by sex, race, age, year of death, occupational group and type of textile manufacturing. An excess mortality from nonmalignant respiratory disease (NMRD) was reported; the excess was related to exposure to textile dust. The most often affected workers were those employed as operatives and laborers, those with highest dust level exposures. A high incidence was also found among those involved in carding, lapping, and combing operations, and among workers exposed to cotton dust. No elevated mortality was observed for colon cancer. An elevated number of rectal cancer cases was detected among those engaged in dyeing and finishing operations. Elevations for ischemic heart disease among these male textile workers were small in magnitude, but statistically significant. At least some of the elevations may be due to the cardiovascular manifestations of NMRD. The authors conclude that these results are consistent with previous studies linking exposure to cotton dust with chronic lung disease. Further investigation of possible rectal cancer and esophageal cancer risks in workers engaged in textile dyeing and finishing are needed.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; NIOSH-Author; Textiles-industry; Mortality-rates; Mortality-surveys; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Cotton-industry; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Cancer-rates
None Rhode Island Dept of Health 75 Davis Street Providence, R I 02908
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Rhode Island State Dept of Health, Providence, Rhode Island