Mortality patterns among Union Carbide Corporation (UCC) chemical workers at three facilities in the Kanawha Valley of West Virginia were investigated. The study cohort involved 29,139 men who were employed for at least 1 day between January 1, 1940 and December 31, 1978. Vital status was determined for the workers, and the cause of death for deceased workers was determined from death certificates. As of the end of the study period, 5,785 workers were found to have died. Standardized mortality ratios were calculated. Mortality for specific causes of death was compared to the United States white male population. An excess number of deaths caused by liver cancer (12 versus the expected 1.2) was noted with a possible connection to exposure to vinyl-chloride (75014). These cases occurred primarily in persons with 10 years or more employment in polyvinyl-chloride resins production. An excess in the number of deaths due to lymphosarcoma and reticulosarcoma was also noted with no apparent trend relating these diseases to initial exposures to specific chemicals or to the duration of employment being clear at present.
We take your privacy seriously. You can review and change the way we collect information below.
These cookies allow us to count visits and traffic sources so we can measure and improve the performance of our site. They help us to know which pages are the most and least popular and see how visitors move around the site. All information these cookies collect is aggregated and therefore anonymous. If you do not allow these cookies we will not know when you have visited our site, and will not be able to monitor its performance.
Cookies used to make website functionality more relevant to you. These cookies perform functions like remembering presentation options or choices and, in some cases, delivery of web content that based on self-identified area of interests.
Cookies used to track the effectiveness of CDC public health campaigns through clickthrough data.
Cookies used to enable you to share pages and content that you find interesting on CDC.gov through third party social networking and other websites. These cookies may also be used for advertising purposes by these third parties.