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Sex Specific Changes in Labor Force and Occupational Injuries: 1977- 1983.

Stout-Wiegand N
NIOSH 1986:17-20
A study of changes in the sex distribution of occupational injuries in the American labor force from 1977 to 1983 was conducted. Employment data and data on occupational injuries for 1977 and 1983 obtained from the Bureau of Labor Statistics were examined. The data were analyzed in terms of female employment as a percentage of total employment and female injuries expressed as a percentage of total injuries. The male proportion of employment and injuries was determined by subtracting the percentage of female employment and injuries from 100. In 1977 females constituted 40.5 percent of the labor force but sustained only 21.1 percent of the occupational injuries. In 1983 the percentage of women in the workforce was 43.7 percent and their percentage of work related injuries was 25.4 percent. The percentage of females employed in all industrial sectors increased from 1977 to 1983. The proportion of injuries sustained by females also increased in every industrial sector. The increases in injury rates, however, were higher in traditionally female dominated industries such as retail trade, finance and insurance, service, and real estate. Traditional male dominated industries had lower rates of increases of female occupational injuries. For example, mining experienced the largest increase in percentage of females employed, but had one of the lowest proportional increases in female injuries. The author concludes that the sex distribution of occupational injuries in the United States labor force between 1977 and 1983 does not follow the same pattern as the sex distribution of the workforce. The increase in occupational injuries sustained by females is not due to their entering traditional male dominated industries.
NIOSH-Author; Occupational-health; Epidemiology; Sex-factors; Accident-statistics; Occupations; Occupational-accidents;
Publication Date
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings;
Fiscal Year
Priority Area
Special Populations; Work Environment and Workforce;
Source Name
The Changing Nature of Work and Workforce, Proceedings of the Third Joint US-Finnish Science Symposium, Frankfort, Kentucky, October 22-24, 1986, NIOSH, Cincinnati, Ohio
Page last reviewed: February 11, 2022
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division