NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

HHE Report No. TA-80-104-1158, PVC Container Corporation, Eatontown, New Jersey.

Authors
Lucas AD; Schloemer JR
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, TA 80-104-1158, 1982 Aug; :1-19
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00179171
Abstract
In response to a request from an employee representative, an evaluation was made of possible hazardous working conditions at the PVC Container Corporation (SIC-3079), Eatontown, New Jersey. Concerns included skin contact with polyvinyl-chloride (9002862) (PVC) pellets, dust and coloring agents; inhalation of gases during heating, manual pulling, and blow molding of PVC; and inhalation of PVC dust. PVC bottles were produced at this facility through a blow molding process. Personal samples for respirable dusts indicated levels ranging from not detectable to 0.14 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m3). Benzene (71432) was detected at the extruder head at concentrations of 0.02 parts per million. Organotin levels of 0.13, 6, and 10, respectively. Noise exposures ranged from 88 to 102 decibels-A (dBA) at the face of the blow molding units. Noise levels ranged from 85 to 92dBA at inspection stations for packers. Headaches, nausea and dry skin were noted among employees, probably as a result of exposure to volatilized organotins and other decomposition products such as coloring agents and hydrochloric-acid (7647010). Symptoms were most common when workers were pulling parison from extruder heads during minor maintenance activities when automatic hot melt grinders were inoperative. The authors conclude that headaches, nausea and dry skin may have been caused by exposures to volatilized organotins and other decomposition products while pulling parison. Some workers were also overexposed to noise. The authors recommend that a preventive maintenance program for hot melt grinders be used, to eliminate the need to manually pull the plastic parison from the extruder head. Noise reduction schemes should be continued until the noise levels are reduced to acceptable levels.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; TA-80-104-1158; Region-2; Hazard-Confirmed; Plastics-industry; Organo-metallic-compounds; Acid-mists; Skin-exposure; Dermatitis; Volatiles; Noise-exposure
CAS No.
9002-86-2; 71-43-2; 7647-01-0
Publication Date
19820801
Document Type
Field Studies; Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
1982
NTIS Accession No.
PB84-150614
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
TA-80-104-1158
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Priority Area
Dermatitis
SIC Code
3079
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
NJ; OH
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division